For the next several decades, many hippies and neo-hippies became part of the Deadhead community, attending music and art festivals held around the country. The Grateful Dead toured continuously, with few interruptions between and Phish and their fans called Phish Heads operated in the same manner, with the band touring continuously between and Many contemporary bands performing at hippie festivals and their derivatives are called jam bands , since they play songs that contain long instrumentals similar to the original hippie bands of the s.
The Oregon Country Fair is a three-day festival featuring handmade crafts, educational displays and costumed entertainment. The annual Starwood Festival , founded in , is a seven-day event indicative of the spiritual quest of hippies through an exploration of non-mainstream religions and world-views, and has offered performances and classes by a variety of hippie and counter-culture icons.
Although few participants would accept the hippie label, Burning Man is a contemporary expression of alternative community in the same spirit as early hippie events. In the UK, there are many new age travellers who are known as hippies to outsiders, but prefer to call themselves the Peace Convoy. They started the Stonehenge Free Festival in , but English Heritage later banned the festival in , resulting in the Battle of the Beanfield. With Stonehenge banned as a festival site, new age travellers gather at the annual Glastonbury Festival.
In the summer, many hippies and those of similar subcultures gather at numerous outdoor festivals in the countryside. In New Zealand between and tens of thousands of hippies gathered from around the world on large farms around Waihi and Waikino for music and alternatives festivals. Named Nambassa , the festivals focused on peace, love, and a balanced lifestyle.
The events featured practical workshops and displays advocating alternative lifestyles , self sufficiency , clean and sustainable energy and sustainable living. In the UK and Europe, the years to were marked by a large-scale revival of many characteristics of the hippie movement. This later movement, composed mostly of people aged 18 to 25, adopted much of the original hippie philosophy of love, peace and freedom.
The summer of became known as the Second Summer of Love. Although the music favored by this movement was modern electronic music , especially house music and acid house , one could often hear songs from the original hippie era in the chill out rooms at raves. This was effectively a parallel soundtrack to the rave scene that was rooted as much in s psychedelic rock as it was in post-punk , though Madchester was more directly influenced by Acid House, funk and northern soul.
Interestingly, many ravers were originally soul boys and football casuals , and football hooliganism declined after the Second Summer of Love. In the UK, many of the well-known figures of this movement first lived communally in Stroud Green , an area of north London located in Finsbury Park.
In , The Sekhmet Hypothesis attempted to link both hippie and rave culture together in relation to transactional analysis, suggesting that rave culture was a social archetype based on the mood of friendly strength, compared to the gentle hippie archetype, based on friendly weakness. The popular DJ of the genre Goa Gil , like other hippies from the s, decided to leave the US and Western Europe to travel on the hippie trail and later developing psychedelic parties and music in the Indian island of Goa in which the goa and psytrance genres were born and exported around the world in the s and s.
In , photojournalist John Bassett McCleary published a page, 6,entry unabridged slang dictionary devoted to the language of the hippies titled The Hippie Dictionary: A Cultural Encyclopedia of the s and s. The book was revised and expanded to pages in As a hippie, Ken Westerfield helped to popularize the alternative sport of Frisbee in the s—70s, that has become today's disc sports. Hippies at the Nambassa Festival in New Zealand. Goa Gil , original s hippie who later became a pioneering electronic dance music DJ and party organizer, here appearing in the film Last Hippie Standing.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the British comedy series, see Hippies TV series. For the garage rock album, see Hippies album. Not to be confused with Yippie or Yuppie. Main article: Hippie etymology. Main article: History of the hippie movement. It is nothing new. We have a private revolution going on. A revolution of individuality and diversity that can only be private. Upon becoming a group movement, such a revolution ends up with imitators rather than participants It is essentially a striving for realization of one's relationship to life and other people Main article: Summer of Love.
According to the hippies, LSD was the glue that held the Haight together. It was the hippie sacrament, a mind detergent capable of washing away years of social programming, a re-imprinting device, a consciousness-expander, a tool that would push us up the evolutionary ladder. Play media. Further information: New Age. Counterculture Entheogen Smart shop Trip sitter Psychedelic microdosing. Bad trip Ecology Ego death Serotonergic psychedelic Therapy. Drug policy of the Netherlands Drug liberalization Legality of cannabis Legal status of psilocybin mushrooms Legal status of Salvia divinorum.
Related topics. See also: Psychedelia. See also: Free love. Main article: Hippie trail. See also: Dudeism and Jesus movement. See also: Make love, not war and Turn on, tune in, drop out. Hippies emerged from a society that had produced birth-control pills, a counterproductive war in Vietnam, the liberation and idealism of the civil rights movement , feminism, homosexual rights, FM radio, mass-produced LSD , a strong economy, and a huge number of baby-boom teenagers.
These elements allowed the hippies to have a mainstream impact that dwarfed that of the Beats and earlier avant-garde cultures. Arts Culture. Edibles Smoking Tea. Drug culture Illegal drug trade Psychedelia. See also: List of books and publications related to the hippie subculture and List of films related to the hippie subculture. Newcomers to the Internet are often startled to discover themselves not so much in some soulless colony of technocrats as in a kind of cultural Brigadoon - a flowering remnant of the '60s, when hippie communalism and libertarian politics formed the roots of the modern cyberrevolution The youth of today must go there to find themselves.
Society portal s portal. Oxford Dictionaries - English. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved Retrieved 2 March Retrieved February 3, August 31, Journal of Health and Social Behavior. American Journal of Psychiatry. Monterey International Pop Festival. Ampliando miradas: Chile y su historia en un tiempo global. RIL Editores. One of these words was hep which described someone in the know. When lots of people started using hep , musicians changed to hip. I started calling people hipsters and greeted customers who dug the kind of jazz we were playing as 'all you hipsters.
Martin's Press , p. Pop Chronicles. University of North Texas Libraries. Track 1. Chronicle, January 20, , p. San Francisco Chronicle, January 18, column, p. See also: Kennedy Retrieved on Hirsch describes hippies as: "Members of a cultural protest that began in the U. Pendergast writes: "The Hippies made up the One group, called the New Left Another broad group called McWilliams, author of The s Cultural Revolution. A free society, that's really what it amounts to Miller, Kaye. University of Illinois at Chicago Circle.
Social Sciences Research Film Unit. The speaker is not explicitly identified, but it is thought to be Abbie Hoffman. It became the anthem of flower power that summer The song expressed the highest value of the counterculture For the hippies, however, it represented a call for liberation from Protestant culture, with its repressive sexual taboos and its insistence on emotional restraint The song presented the flower power critique of movement politics: there was nothing you could do that couldn't be done by others; thus you didn't need to do anything John was arguing not only against bourgeois self-denial and future-mindedness but also against the activists' sense of urgency and their strong personal commitments to fighting injustice and oppression Timothy Miller notes that the counterculture was a "movement of seekers of meaning and value Shepard, Jefferson Poland , and Ralph J.
Gleason in support of the view of the hippie movement as a new religion.
Rogan House. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. The San Francisco Chronicle.
Los Angeles Times. Jawbone Press. Rolling Stone. July 12, Archived from the original on January 28, Herb Caen, June 25, Small thoughts at large. Retrieved on June 4, Ashgate, April 5, Archived from the original on November 12, In Byron Shafer, ed. NJ: Chatham House Publishers. South End Press. Retrieved 2 March — via Google Books. In Arthur M. Melzer, Jerry Weinberger and M.
Richard Zinman, eds. Grant Farred New Literary History. Like the Dew. May 26, San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on June 26, December 13, June 8, Bugliosi admits that although the Manson murders "may have hastened" the end of the hippie era, the era was already in decline. New York Times. November 28, London:Virgin Books, pp. Volume 5. Modern World Part II: Thomson Gale. Detroit: UXL. Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac, William Burroughs and others lived unusually free, sexually expressive lives.
Marijuana is one of the best aphrodisiacs known to man. It enhances the senses, unlike alcohol, which dulls them. As any hippie can tell you, sex is a great high, but sex on pot is fuckin' far out! The LSD trip is an intimate soul wrenching experience that shatters the ego's defenses, leaving the tripper in a very poignant and sensitive state.
At this point, a sexual encounter is quite possible if conditions are right. After an LSD trip, one is much more likely to explore one's own sexual nature without inhibitions. The Kama Sutra , the Tantric sexual manual from ancient India is a way to cosmic union through sex. Archived from the original on November 2, Landy, Elliott. Ravette Publishing Ltd, The New York Times. Independent Online. January 30, Archived from the original on October 11, Dissent Magazine Online. Internet Archive: Retrieved December 18, Timothy Miller.
Hippies and American Values. Univ Tennessee Press; 1st edition. October 6, Archived from the original on Toke of the Town. December 23, Monday Night Class. Leary, Timothy. Millbrook, New York: Kriya Press. The original version was privately published. It is not to be confused with a compilation of Leary's writings compiled, edited, and published posthumously under the same title. Timothy Leary: A Biography. Turner Broadcasting Systems Inc. Archived from the original on April 5, Retrieved March 22, Religion and Ethics Newsweekly.
Retrieved September 19, Laboratoires de l'utopie. Chicago Tribune. The Digger Archives. American Experience: The Summer of Love. The Progressive. Retrieved February 1, The Birmingham News. Retrieved June 29, The Times. Far out". Berkeley in the Sixties Documentary. Patrick University of Chicago Press. Fashions of a Decade: The s. Facts on File. Modern World Part II: — Retrieved June 10, Village Voice. Retrieved on August 9, Retrieved from Internet Archive December 23, Rowman Altamira.
Reed, In the 90s, Gil started to use snippets from industrial music, etno techno, acid house and psychedelic rock to help create Goa Trance, dance music with a heavy spiritual accent For Goa Gil, Goa Trance is a logical continuation of what hippies were doing back in the 60s and 70s. Time Out: Mumbai and Goa. Time Out Guides Ltd. Simple living. Wendell Berry Ernest Callenbach G. Rock festivals. List of heavy metal festivals List of jam band music festivals List of punk rock festivals List of gothic festivals List of industrial music festivals.
Sexual revolution. Virginia Miller Test Obergefell v. One Book Called Ulysses. Youth empowerment. Evolving capacities Free-range parenting Intergenerational equity Leaving the nest Student voice Youth-adult partnership Youth mainstreaming Youth rights Youth voice. Community youth development Anarchistic free school Democratic free school Positive youth development Student activism Student-centered learning Student rights Student voice Youth activism Youth council Youth court Youth engagement Youth leadership Youth-led media Youth movement Youth participation Youth philanthropy Youth service Youth suffrage Youth vote.
Index of youth rights-related articles. Recreational drug use. Calea zacatechichi Silene capensis. Coffee break Coffeehouse Latte art Tea house. Abuse Date rape drug Impaired driving Drug harmfulness Effects of cannabis Addiction Dependence Prevention Opioid replacement therapy Rehabilitation Responsible use Drug-related crime Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder Long-term effects of cannabis Neurotoxicity Overdose Passive smoking of tobacco or other substances. Alcohol legality Alcohol consumption Anabolic steroid legality Cannabis legality Annual use Lifetime use Cigarette consumption Cocaine legality Cocaine use Methamphetamine legality Opiates use Psilocybin mushrooms legality Salvia legality.
Categories : s fashion s in music s fashion s in music California culture Cannabis culture Counterculture of the s Free love advocates Hippie movement Sexual revolution Subcultures. It became such a sensation that Chevrolet began low-volume, hand-built production at a plant in Flint. Only were built in using modified Chevrolet frames, suspension and a hp 3-carburetor version of its cubic-inch overhead-valve six. All had Powerglide automatic transmissions.
For Chevrolet moved production to a small dedicated facility in St. Louis, planning to sell 10, Corvettes. Chevrolet did reach its annual sales target of 10,, but not until Today Corvette production regularly exceeds 30, annually, all tracing their ancestry back to those Polo White roadsters. But for many car enthusiasts, that year will be best remembered for the introduction of the Chrysler C, which combined testosterone-fueled horsepower and sporty suspension with a handsome, muscular design.
It came in just one body style, which was configured from stock parts, and in only three colors white, red or black.
People, Forests, and Change
It was upholstered in tan leather. Despite weighing in at a hefty 4,plus pounds, the C proved its mettle on the track. Instantly recognizable on the street, it commanded respect at every stoplight, yet its cost meant that in pretty much every case a suit-and-tie-wearing swell was at the wheel. Two-tone Chevrolet Bel Air with whitewall tires.
The small-block engine bristled with innovations. First was its light weight: an impressive 41 pounds less than the Chevy six. Its short piston stroke, big valves and excellent cylinder-head design gave it unparalleled high rpm performance. The aesthetic emphasized length and sleek, swept, dart-like features. It was reinforced by dramatic two-tone paint schemes with bright chrome borders. Taillights were housed in the trailing edges of the fins. Bumpers and grille were treated as massive chrome appendages. The Adventurer got standard TorqueFlite automatic transmissions and power brakes among many other standard features.
It also had gold plating for the trim accents. DeSoto proudly noted it was the only standard i. In a horsepower race, this was the car to have in , with flamboyant style to match its performance. It won uncountable races as the Boss It set drag-racing records as the Boss Advertisement featuring the Chevrolet Corvair. Small, lightweight and modestly powered, a compact served basic transportation needs—and maybe a little bit of counter-cultural disdain for prestige. A flood of them came from Detroit in , and the driving public gobbled them up. But Corvair had one fatal flaw: a swing-axle independent rear suspension.
Even with the attraction of a turbocharged hp version of its cubic-inch engine. Corvair passed away after , a daring concept tripped up by negative publicity and the burgeoning auto-safety movement. Pontiac Division president E. So Estes and DeLorean found a simple workaround to the new-model rule: Make the horsepower engines a mid-year option in the Le Mans. With sales success, all restrictions were off. It also ignited muscle car madness. In GM looked to have a hit when it introduced the handsome, front-engined, rear-wheel-drive, sub-compact Vega.
Its single-overhead-camshaft cast-iron cylinder head aided performance. Individual bucket seats and a floor-shift 3-speed manual transmission came standard, giving Vega a sports car flair. It was chosen by Motor Trend magazine as its Car of the Year. Unfortunately for Chevrolet, it also rusted quickly and the engine had vibration and cooling issues. In , Time magazine named Richard M.
Nixon its person of the year. And Ford introduced a spiffy new small car called the Pinto. Despite promising starts, none of these would end well. It used two different cast-iron four-cylinder engines engines one 75 horsepower, the other which had been built in England and Germany and were already proven in their home markets. Bucket seats, a floor-mounted shifter for the standard four-speed manual transmission and rack-and-pinion steering sported up the driving experience.
In an attractive and practical 2-door station wagon was added, and these three models would remain in the Pinto lineup until it was discontinued in Pretty much anyone with a passing knowledge of cars, or who lived through the s, knows what happened next. With more than a million Pintos on the road soon after its introduction, the car displayed a sometimes-fatal tendency to catch fire when hit in the rear. The problem was ultimately traced to the location of the fuel tank and its filler neck.
Ford relocated those components for and later models. But in , facing an impending recall order from the U. It proved to be a devastating and expensive blow to Ford and its prestige—particularly when, in , the State of Indiana charged Ford Motor Company with reckless homicide in a rear-ended Pinto fire. The blistering-fast brainchild of American racing driver and entrepreneur Carroll Shelby, the Shelby Cobra made incarnate the belief that you can never have too many horses under the hood.
Theirs was a nifty marriage: Shelby was looking for an American engine-European chassis project. Shelby approached Chevy for engines. We think not. Introduced in , the Shelby Cobra created a sensation among the automotive media—and wreaked havoc among its racing competitors. It would be a first for an American manufacturer.
Yet another industry creates replicas—some good, some bad and a few downright ugly. The final fling of a Detroit legend, John Z. DeLorean, whose flamboyant lifestyle grated with suit-and-tie-wearing Detroit managers, but who produced results wherever he worked. At Chevrolet, he drove development of the compact Vega and the frighteningly powerful Chevelle, leading Chevrolet to its first year of 3-million-car-sales in In between, he courted models and movie stars, splitting his week between working in Detroit and partying in Los Angeles. Production quality, in a word, sucked. The DMC lasted two years.
Then John DeLorean was caught in a drug sting. Although he was acquitted of those charges— and a later fraud charge brought by DeLorean Motor creditors and investors—his high-flying automobile career had crashed and burned.
At the beginning of the s, Chrysler Corporation was moribund and bound for bankruptcy. Its premium cars were dated. Their production totals barely registered on industry sales charts: In , Plymouth sold just over 14, front-engine, rear-wheel-drive Gran Furys. They seized upon the transverse-engined, front-wheel-drive K-car platform to resuscitate Chrysler Corporation, with the help of a federal government guaranteed loan.
The mpg K-car may not get much respect these days, but it turned out to be the right medicine for the early 80s: Hal Sperlich was the right car guy to get it built efficiently, with reasonable quality, and Lee Iacocca was equally right to sell it. Plymouth, Dodge and Chrysler ended up being saved by the K-car, and Chrysler Corporation paid off its government loan in , seven years before it was due. Chrysler Museum. Sneer if you like.
Call it a testosterone killer. But some years ago, as station wagons became an increasingly endangered species, the minivan proved a godsend for busy, growing families. Ford summarily rejected the idea. But after the success of the Chrysler Corporation K-cars, it was no stretch for the now respected Sperlich to renew his envisioned project with a K-car base.
The minivan debuted in late as a model. The front-engine, front-wheel-drive platform meant the Chrysler minivan had a low floor, easy entry and exit and unencumbered interior space. A sliding door on the right side meant kids and groceries could be loaded and unloaded in cramped garages and parking-lot spaces. Three-row seating accommodated up to five rear passengers. And seats could be removed to open up cargo space, accessible through a rear hatch. And despite feeble attempts from GM and Ford to adapt front-engine, rear-wheel-drive vans to the concept, it would become the dominant minivan design for a generation.
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